Most new traders overtrade.

Overtrading is when you (hoping to receive the maximum possible profit) opens a huge position consisting of multiple lots.

Considering the typical market activity, it’s easy to lose half or even all your trading capital.

This problem is sometimes directly connected to insufficient trading capital.

But it’s more likely due to the trader lacking knowledge of money management principles, which means lack of competence to control their trading capital properly.

Your trading capital is used to earn money. You should treat each rupee is like a newborn baby.

Your first and foremost responsibility is to protect it. If you lose it, you have less to help you earn money.

Three of Buffett’s rules

  • Rule No.1: Never lose money. Rule No.2: Never forget rule No.1.
    If you lose money on an investment, it will take a much greater return to just break even, let alone make additional money. Minimize your losses by finding quality companies that are temporarily selling at discounted prices. Then follow good capital management principles and maintain your trailing stops. Also, sitting on a losing trade uses up time, money and mental capital. If you find yourself in this situation, it is time to move on.
  • The stock market is designed to transfer money from the active to the patient.
    The best returns come from those who wait for the best opportunity to show itself before making a commitment. Those who chase the current hot stock usually end up losing more than they gain. Remain active in your analysis, look for quality companies at discounted prices and be patient waiting for them to reach their discounted price before buying.
  • The most important quality for an investor is temperament, not intellect.
    You need a temperament that neither derives great pleasure from being with the crowd or against it. Independent thinking and having confidence in what you believe is much more important than being the smartest person in the market. Most of the time, the best opportunities are found when everyone else has given up on the stock market. Over-confidence and emotion are the enemies of a high quality portfolio.
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