Purchasing managers’ index (PMI) data for May from China’s National Bureau of Statistics (NBS).
Manufacturing PMI 50.6
expected 51.1, prior 50.8
expected 53.5, prior 53.2
Expansion for the manufacturing sector continued in May, although by a smaller margin than in April. Just over 80% of manufacturing business has now resumed says the NBS. Of the sub measures for this sector:
production down 0.5 points to 53.2
new orders + 0.7 to 50.9
new orders in 12 of the 21 sectors picked up
new export orders hit 35.3, a record low (global demand slumped)
For the services sector, expansion at a quicker rate in May than April. This will be welcome and should be read as further sign of a pick up in domestic demand. Respondents though were wary, over half of service sector firms reported insufficient demand in May. The NBS noted slow recovery only, especially for tourism, sports and entertainment.
Construction industry activity index in May 60.8 (59.7 in April)
new orders 58.0 (from 53.2)
I don’t suspect too much FX impact from this mixed result. We’ll soon find out, Monday morning trade is not far away!
We now await the next round of PMIs, the privately surveyed Caixin/Markit indicators.
High pressure and stress is a part of the trading environment. Stress reduction is not a viable strategy. The approach instead is to build a person’s resilience and ability to cope more effectively with the pressure and stress that they are encountering.
This is done by a process of exposure to the stressful events, and then recovery. The recovery process will prepare you to engage again but with a higher stress threshold.
Build your stress exposure over time by gradually building the demands on your trading — slowly increasing your position sizing, complexity of trades, diversification, etc.
Use relaxation techniques to enter a restorative state where your mind and body can recover.
Look after your nutrition, exercise, sleep, get balance in your life with friends, family, other hobbies.
Consistent performance is achieved when you have a healthy oscillation between positive peak performance states, and periods of recovery.
The weekend is a perfect time for a quick catch up for where the major central banks are at. The central banks are listed below with their current state of play. The link for each central bank is included under the title of the bank and the next scheduled meeting is in the title too.
At their last meeting the RBA has kept interest rates unchanged at the record low if 0.25%. The RBA see output falling by approximately 6% this year, but expects a 6% rebound next year. At the last set of minutes on May 19 the Board said the they are monitoring economic and financial developments. See here for a decent summary of where the RBA are at.
The last thing to note is that the Australian economy is closely tied to China’s fortunes with around 30% of its GDP coming from trade with China. Therefore, AUD will be pushed or pulled along with the US-China trade sentiment too as well as monetary policy. Any further souring in the US-China risk tone will weaken the outlook for AUD, so bear that in mind.
The outlook for the eurozone remains tilted firmly to the downside with inflation levels in March remaining below the 2% target at 0.7%. Unemployment levels stand at 7.3% and the ECB has embarked upon a huge programme of support via it’s Pandemic Emergency Purchase Programme (PEPP). Early this month the German’s Constitutional Court ruled that the ECB had to show that this programme was proportionate. However, the significance of this ruling has faded after Germany downplayed any deeper significance. In April the ECB kept all three key rates unchanged, but released a series of pandemic emergency longer term refinancing operations (PELTROs) and they further eased conditions of TLTRO3. Like many central banks the ECB will maintain a dovish tilt, willing to do more if necessary to ease conditions, until the worst of the COVID19 can be seen to be well and truly behind us. The latest minutes from April 30th’s meeting confirm that the ECB are ready to do more and that the PEPP remains the main tool.
The bank of Canada left their rates unchanged in April and announced a stimulus package in the form of a new Provincial Bond Purchase Programme. The future economic forecasts were sensibly omitted but various scenarios suggested by the BoC had the level of real activity down 1-3 percent in the first quarter of 2020. It isalso anticipated to be 15-30 percent lower in the second quarter of 2020 than in fourth-quarter 2019. See here for more details on the Interest rate decision. The current Governor is due to leave at the end of his 7 year term and the new successor is Tiff Macklem. You can read his bio here on the Bank of Canada website.
The FOMC left rates unchanged at their latest meeting and Fed’s Chair Jerome Powell was deliberate in talking down the chances of negative interest rates. The Fed have kept their willingness to step into help the economy in any way they can as well as discussing the possibility of yield curve controls in case rates wobble in a certain sector. The latest minutes showed the Fed expected the pace of treasury and MBS purchases could be reduced but said it was prepared to increase purchases as needed should market functioning worsen. There was some debate about how to show forward guidance to the market going forward, Some members said that the Fed could adopt an outcome based forward guidance. This method would specify macroeconomic outcomes such as a certain level of the unemployment rate or level of inflation rate before rates could be increased. Other members considered a date based forward guidance . This method would indicate that interest rateswould only be raised after a specified amount of time had passed. The OIS curve for Fed Fund Futures are pointing towards rates remaining unchanged over the next 12 months, but risks remain tilted to the downside. Any positive talk of negative interest rates from the Fed will weaken the dollar. A great commodity to potentially benefit would be gold which gains in a low interest rate environment. If risk is off market increases, and that forces the Fed’s hand to try negative rates, then gold should strongly rally higher and break out to make record highs.
Once again the storm cloud which continues to obscure the BoE’s view is Brexit. The problem is that a greater storm cloud is now obscuring that! COVID-19. The UK was cavalier in its attitude to the virus and not helped by some main stream BBC articles comparing COVID-19 to the flu. I remember sharing my concerns over COVID19 to my friends and the general UK mood was one of disbelief. This laissez faire attitude resulted in the UK being very slow to bring in lock down measures and as other countries were shutting down the UK was talking about ‘Herd immunity’. Although hat quickly changed the damage was done. The UK now has the second official highest death count in the world, only behind the US.The BoE kept interest rates unchanged at 0.10% in April. Their asset purchase programme were kept at £645 billion withMPC members Saunders and Haskel surprising markets by voting for an increase in QE of £100 billion.
The BoE stated they stand ready to take further action as needed, but noted that indicators on UK demand have stabilised.The bank expects a relatively rapid recovery in economic activity with a rate hike and inflation returning to its 2% target by 2022. However, since the last central bank meeting Bank of England’s Deputy Governor Dave Ramsden said that ‘ an economic recovery later this year could be slower than in the BOE’s scenario published earlier this month and he pointed to several risks of long-term damage. Furthermore, Bank of England’s Bailey admitted that negative interest rates were on the table for the first time.This will weigh on the GBP alongside the fact that the UK has some of the world’s highest death figures for COVID19 and the EU-UK trade deal is still far from being finalised. We can expect more GBP sellers on pullbacks given these three factors weighing on the GBP.
The SNB interest rates are the world’s lowest at-0.75% and haven’t changed at a scheduled meeting since 2009. However, with the strengthening Franc hurting the Swiss export economy a number of large institutions, like UBS Group, Raiffeisen Bank International AG and Bank J. Safra Sarasin, had been calling for a rate cut for Autumn of last year. However, these calls were ignored but the Swiss franc is only getting stronger with the safe haven flows Brough about by COVID-19. At their last meeting in March the SNB kept rates unchanged. However, they changed their tiering system saying they would raise the exemption threshold on negative rates from 25 times to 30 times the minimum reserve requirement from April 1st. As a potential warning sign the SNB revised its view of CHF from “highly valued” to “even more highly valued” . SNB Sight deposits, showing evidence ofSNB intervention by buying Euros and Dollars, have increased considerably in recent weeks. Check out this helpful graph below showing how SNB sight deposits are increasing as the EURCHF moved to 105.00. Is this the new so called ‘soft floor’?Source here.One thing is certain, don’t bet on it.
The Bank of Japan is very bearish as a bank. Inflation in Japan continues to miss the 2% target and the BoJ have stated that they will ‘keep very low interest rate levels for an extended period of time’. In April the bank kept the interest rate unchanged at -0.10% and the long term yield target at 0%. However, to help with economic conditions, they did remove QE limits for buying Japanese Government Bonds (JGBs). Furthermore, they accelerated corporate bond purchases to ease conditions. In their unscheduled meeting on May 22 they kept policy settings unchanged and decided on a new loan scheme aimed at boosting support to small/mid sized firms hot by COVID-19.
The RBNZ has been keeping markets guessing over its use of negative interest rates. At their last policy meeting the RBNZ Monetary Policy Committee agreed to significantly expand the Large Scale Asset Purchase (LSAP) programme potential to $60 billion. However, this was expected. It was the possibility of negative interest rates which caused the most damage to the kiwi at the time when Deputy Governor Geoff Bascand clarified that the RBNZ would like to be ready for negative rates by the end of the year. It was this willingness for the RBNZ to allow negative interest rates which weakened the NZD at the time. However, fast forward a week or so later and Governor Orr dialled back expectations of negative rates. The RBNZ are widely expected to keep its OCR unchanged in the immediate future. However, the OIS curve would now suggest the odds of further easing will gradually increase as the months pass, but stay above 0 for the next 12 months.
Dow has best performance in 7 weeks. Second straight week of gains for the major indices
The major US stocks and see some squeeze higher into the close as sanctions on China are less than feared. The NASDAQ led the way with a gain of 1.29%. The Dow ended lower as investors shifted back to the technology growth stocks.
The final numbers are showing
S&P index up 14.58 points or 0.48% at 3044.31
NASDAQ index rose by 120.88 points or 1.29% at 9489.87
Dow industrial average fell by 17.53 points or -0.07% to 25383.13.
In Europe today the story was different with most the indices closing near their session lows.
For the trading week, the Dow industrial average led the way with a 3.71% gain in the US. The NASDAQ index lagged as earlier in the week the flow funds were into the more beaten down industrial stocks. Nevertheless the NASDAQ gained by 2.21%. The S&P index rose by 3.25%.
In Europe, the France’s CAC rose by 5.64% and the Spain’s Ibex nearly rose 6%. The UK FTSE was the under performer with a 1.02% gain.
Forex futures positioning data for the week ending May 26, 2020
EUR long 75K vs 72K long last week. Longs increased by 3K
GBP short 22K vs 19K short last week. Shorts increased by 3K
JPY long 35K vs 28K long last week. Longs increased by 7K
CHF long 9K vs 9K long last week. Unchanged
AUD short 40k vs 39K short last week. Shorts increased by 1K
NZD short 15K vs 16K short last week. Shorts trimmed by 1K
CAD short 34k vs 35K short last week. Shorts trimmed by 1K
Highlights for the week:
EUR remains the largest speculative position at 75 him K followed by the AUD at 40K. The traders are long EUR (short USDs) and short AUD (long USDs). The JPY is the next largest position at 35K. The speculative position is long JPY (short USD).
There are three currencies that are long vs the USD (EUR, JPY an CHF) and 4 currencies that are short vs the USD (GBP, AUD, NZD and CAD).