They cited costs related to freight, supply chain disruptions, and increased compensation and headcount in distribution centers.

The company can now either try to tame those costs, and some of them are out of their control like fuel. Or they can raise prices to boost margins.

It’s a competitive marketplace so hiking prices could drive consumers to the competition but Wal-Mart is facing the same issue. Its shares fell 11% yesterday on earnings and are down another 1.6% in the pre-market.

Some will point to inventories and the product mix on shelves but seeing as it happened to both TGT and WMT, that’s tough to swallow.

There’s also this from Wal-Mart CEO Doug McMillon:

“The rate of inflation in food pulled more dollars away from [general merchandise] than we expected as customers needed to pay for the inflation in food.”

Food inflation isn’t improving and I strongly suspect that general merchandise prices are going higher. So while overall revenues held up this quarter, it’s not tough to see a further squeeze ahead.

In the bigger picture

This is increasingly looking like a stagflationary environment. The two largest retailers in the US will be raising prices and consumers will increasingly shift to low-margin purchases like food and fuel.

As those price rises filter through it will keep CPI inflation elevated. Yesterday, Fed Chair Jerome Powell laid out his strategy and that can be summed up as “we need to see inflation coming down in a convincing way” before the hiking abates.

To me, these results from WMT and TGT highlight a longer timeline for high inflation and greater risks of a wage-price spiral. The odds that the Fed pauses at 2.5% are dwindling and the chance of 4% Fed funds is rising.